THE EFFECT OF TEAM GAME TOURNAMENT ON MOTIVATION TO LEARN AND SCIENCE LEARNING OUTCOMES ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

  • Harry Bandaso Universitas Terbuka
  • Abdullah Sinring Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • Priska Efriani Luansi Ero Universitas Terbuka
Keywords: Cooperative Learning, Tean Game Tournament, Motivation to learn, Learning outcomes

Abstract

Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA) adalah salah satu pembelajaran yang penting di Sekolah Dasar (SD). oleh karena itu, perlu meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa dalam prosesnya. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi motivasi dan hasil belajar adalah model pembelajaran. Riset ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif Team Games Tournament (TGT) dengan motivasi belajar dan hasil belajar IPA siswa. Melalui pendekatan kuantitatif dan dengan desain penelitian eksperimen model one group pretest posttest, data dianalisis menggunakan analisis statistik inferensial dengan uji t data motivasi dan hasil belajar IPA. Data diperoleh dari sampel yang merupakan siswa kelas V SDN 131 Balombong Kabupaten Tana Toraja. Berdasarkan deskripsi dan analisis data menunjukan bahwa terjadi peningkatan motivasi dan hasil belajar IPA siswa setelah diberikan pembelajaran dengan model kooperatif tipe Team Games Tournament (TGT). Selain itu berdasarkan analisis dengan uji t diperoleh nilai signifikan 0.00<0.05 untuk motivasi dan hasil belajar IPA yang menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan dari penggunaan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Team Games Tournament (TGT) terhadap motivasi dan hasil belajar IPA siswa kelas V SDN 131 Balombong.

 

A B S T R A C T
Science is one of the important learning in Elementary School (SD). therefore, it is necessary to increase student motivation and learning outcomes in the process. One of the factors that influence motivation and learning outcomes is the learning model. This research aims to determine the effect of applying the Team Games Tournament (TGT) cooperative learning model with students' learning motivation and science learning outcomes. Through a quantitative approach and with an experimental research design with one group pretest posttest, the data were analyzed using inferential statistical analysis with t test of motivation data and science learning outcomes. Data were obtained from samples of fifth grade students of SDN 131 Balombong, Tana Toraja Regency. Based on the description and analysis of the data, it shows that there is an increase in students' motivation and science learning outcomes after being given learning with the Team Games Tournament (TGT) type cooperative model. In addition, based on the analysis with the t test, a significant value of 0.00 <0.05 was obtained for the motivation and learning outcomes of science which shows that there is a significant effect of the use of cooperative learning type Team Games Tournament (TGT) on the motivation and learning outcomes of science of grade V students of SDN 131 Balombong.

References

Abbas, A., & Yusuf Hidayat, M. (2018). Faktor-Faktor Kesulitan Belajar Fisika Pada Peserta Didik Kelas IPA Sekolah Menengah Atas. JPF (Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika) Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, 6(1), 45–49. https://doi.org/10.24252/jpf.v6i1a8

Al-Hadi, I. A., Priyadi, M. S., & Suhariyanti, M. (2023). Active Learning Strategies Increasing Motivation To Learn Islamic Religious At the Primary School (Sdit) Insan Rabbani Lampung. INNOVATIO: Journal for Religious Innovations Studies, 23(1), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.30631/innovatio.v23i1.179

Amtorunajah, A., & Masruri, M. S. (2015). Peningkatan Keterampilan Sosial Siswa Dalam Pembelajaran Ips Melalui Outdoor Activity Di Smp Negeri 1 Kaligondang Kabupaten Purbalingga. Harmoni Sosial: Jurnal Pendidikan IPS, 2(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.21831/hsjpi.v2i1.4598

Arief, H. (2023). Pola Komunikasi Kepala Suku Dalam Pelestarian Budaya Pernikahan Dan Kesenian Tradisonal. Jurnal Komunikasi Dan Kebudayaan, 9(1), 15–27. https://doi.org/10.59050/jkk.v9i1.91

Astiti, N. D., & Mahadewi, L. P. P. (2021). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Hasil Belajar IPA. Jurnal Mimbar Ilmu, 26(2), 193–203.

Astuti, N. F., Suryana, A., & Suaidi, E. H. (2022). Model Rancangan Pembelajaran Kooperatif Learning Team Game Tournament (TGT) pada Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial di Sekolah Dasar. Tarbiatuna: Journal of Islamic Education Studies, 2(2), 195–218. https://doi.org/10.47467/tarbiatuna.v2i2.1098

Astuti, T. P. (2019). Model Problem Based Learning dengan Mind Mapping dalam Pembelajaran IPA Abad 21. Proceeding of Biology Education, 3(1), 64–73. https://doi.org/10.21009/pbe.3-1.9

Aulina, C. N. (2019). Pengaruh Permainan Dan Penguasaan Kosakata Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Permulaan Anak Usia 5-6 Tahun. PEDAGOGIA: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5(2), 131. https://doi.org/10.21070/pedagogia.v1i2.36

Benge, K. (2017). Hubungan Antara Minat Dan Motivasi. Jurnal of Education Technology, 1(4), 231–238.

Berek, P. A. L., Sanan, Y. C. U., Fouk, M. F. W. A., Rohi, E. D. F. R., & Orte, C. J. S. (2023). Hubungan Antara Kemandirian Belajar Dan Motivasi Belajar Dengan Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Citra Bakti, 10(1), 106–118. https://doi.org/10.38048/jipcb.v10i1.1578

Berridge, K. C. (2004). Motivation concepts in behavioral neuroscience. Physiology and Behavior, 81(2), 179–209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2004.02.004

Bouchkioua, Z., & Mokhlesse, L. (2021). Motivation to Learning: Toward Achievement. Psychology, 12(03), 462–476. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2021.123029

Carr, P. B., & Walton, G. M. (2014). Cues of working together fuel intrinsic motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 53, 169–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2014.03.015

Chaerunisa, F., Pebriyana, L., Agustin, S. P., & Yantoro, Y. (2023). Pengelola Kurikulum dan Sarana Prasarana sebagai Penunjang Keberhasilan Pembelajaran Siswa Sekolah Dasar. JIIP - Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan, 6(2), 774–781. https://doi.org/10.54371/jiip.v6i2.1632

Cojuharenco, I., Cornelissen, G., & Karelaia, N. (2016). Yes, I can: Feeling connected to others increases perceived effectiveness and socially responsible behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 48, 75–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2016.09.002

Denis, S., Lena, R., & Erkka, K. (2023). Discovery Learning Model Based on Cooperative Learning to Improving Learning Participation. Journal Civic and Social Studies, 2(April), 38–53. https://doi.org/10.31980/civicos.v6i1.1573.g1113

Dodridge, M. (1999). Learning outcomes and their assessment in higher education. Engineering Science and Education Journal, 8(4), 161–168. https://doi.org/10.1049/esej:19990405

Emda, A. (2018). Kedudukan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Dalam Pembelajaran. Lantanida Journal, 5(2), 172. https://doi.org/10.22373/lj.v5i2.2838

Fajrin, L., & Muqowim, M. (2020). Problematika Pengintegrasi Nilai-Nilai Keislaman Pada Pembelajaran Ipa Di Mi Miftahul Huda Jepara. ELEMENTARY: Islamic Teacher Journal, 8(2), 295. https://doi.org/10.21043/elementary.v8i2.7522

Farida, N. (2022). Fungsi dan Aplikasi Motivasi dalam Pembelajaran. Education and Learning Journal, 2(2), 118. https://doi.org/10.33096/eljour.v2i2.133

Felea, M. I., & Roman, A. F. (2022). The Motivation Of Learning In Student. Jurnal Plus Education, 31(2), 10–20. https://doi.org/10.24250/JPE/2/2022/AFR/MIF

Hodson, D. (2014). Learning Science, Learning about Science, Doing Science: Different goals demand different learning methods. International Journal of Science Education, 36(15), 2534–2553. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2014.899722

Jamil, N., Belkacem, A. N., & Lakas, A. (2023). On enhancing students’ cognitive abilities in online learning using brain activity and eye movements. In Education and Information Technologies (Vol. 28, Issue 4). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-022-11372-2

Kamala, I. (2019). Pembiasaan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Sebagai Sarana Implementasi Sikap Spiritual Dalam Pembelajaran IPA Tingkat Sekolah Dasar. Al-Bidayah: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Islam, 11(01), 1–30. https://doi.org/10.14421/al-bidayah.v11i01.187

Kartika, A. T., Eftiwin, L., Lubis, M. F., & Walid, A. (2020). Profil Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Pada Mata Pelajaran IPA. JARTIKA : Jurnal Riset Teknologi Dan Inovasi Pendidikan, 3(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.36765/jartika.v3i1.46

Kuwabara, M., Einbinder, S. D., Sun, R., & Azizi, R. (2020). Collaborative Learning Techniques, Student Learning Outcomes, and Equal Workload within Groups in Different Teaching Modalities. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 32(2), 293–304. http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe/

Lestari, S. E. C. A., Hariyani, S., & Rahayu, N. (2018). Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Tgt (Teams Games Tournament) Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika. Pi: Mathematics Education Journal, 1(3), 116–126. https://doi.org/10.21067/pmej.v1i3.2785

Liu, S., & D’Aquin, M. (2017). Unsupervised learning for understanding student achievement in a distance learning setting. IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON, April, 1373–1377. https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON.2017.7943026

Lövdén, M., Fratiglioni, L., Glymour, M. M., Lindenberger, U., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2020). Education and Cognitive Functioning Across the Life Span. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 21(1), 6–41. https://doi.org/10.1177/1529100620920576

Mahama, I., Yusuf Dramanu, B., & Asamoah-Gyimah, K. (2023). Predictive Abilities of Curiosity, Creativity, and Motivation on Academic Performance of High School Students in Ghana. Education Research International, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1155/2023/4626945

Masrukah. (2019). Efektifitas Penggunaan Media Permainan Ular Tangga Bermotif Bangun Datar pada Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Keaktifan dan Hasil Belajar Siswa. http://www.ejournal.stkipbbm.ac.id/index.php/pgsd/article/view/367

Musdalifah. (2023). Implementasi Pembelajaran Kooperatif dalam Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa di Madrasah. Al-Miskawaih: Journal of Science Education, 2(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.56436/mijose.v2i1.221

Nawaz, N. (2023). Impact of Teacher-Student Relationship on Motivation levels & Academic Performance in Learning Chinese as a Second Language among Pakistani Students. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 19(10), 17. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2023.v19n10p17

Ningtiaz, P. G., Alfan, M., & Kuncoro, T. (2023). Analysis of the Application of the Teams Games Tournament (TGT) Learning Model in Primary School. KnE Social Sciences, 202, 216–221. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v8i10.13448

Octavia, S. A. (2020). Model-Model Pembelajaran. Deepublish Publisher.

Portanata, L., Lisa, Y., & Awang, I. S. (2017). Analisis Pemanfaatan Media Pembelajaran IPA SD. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar PerKhasa, 3(1), 337–348.

Pudjiastuti, S. R. (2020). Meningkatkan Pemahaman Materi Globalisasi Dan Sikap Sosial Siswa Melalui Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Group Investigation Di Kelas Iv Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Nurul Huda Cimanggis Depok. JPPGuseda | Jurnal Pendidikan & Pengajaran Guru Sekolah Dasar, 3(1), 01–05. https://doi.org/10.33751/jppguseda.v3i1.1917

Putri, F. E., Amelia, F., & Gusmania, Y. (2019). Hubungan Antara Gaya Belajar dan Keaktifan Belajar Matematika Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa. Edumatika: Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 2(2), 83. https://doi.org/10.32939/ejrpm.v2i2.406

Putri, I. D. C. K., & Widodo, S. A. (2017). Hubungan Antara Minat Belajar Matematika, Keaktifan Belajar Siswa, dan Persepsi Siswa Terhadap Prestasi Belajar Matematika Siswa. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Etnomatnesia, 6(3), 721–724.

Putri, N. Y., & Firmansyah, D. (2020). Hubungan Keaktifan Belajar Siswa terhadap Prestasi Belajar. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika Dan Pendidikan Matematika Sisiomadika, 2(Ia), 133–136.

Qasserras, L., Asmae, A., Qasserras, M., & Anasse, K. (2023). The Effects of Grades on the Motivation and Academic Performance of Moroccan High School Students. International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research, 5(2), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2023.v05i02.2341

Qian, M., & Clark, K. R. (2016). Game-based Learning and 21st century skills: A review of recent research. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 50–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.05.023

Rahayu, Y., Riyadi, M., & Safitri, N. (2014). Hubungan Metode Pembelajaran Dengan Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa Tingkat II. Dinamika Kesehatan, 5(02), 98–108.

Razak, A. A., & Connolly, T. M. (2013). Using games-based learning: How it influences the learning experience and outcomes of primary school children. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 8(SPL.ISSUE2), 47–54. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v8iS2.2782

Rull, V. (2014). The most important application of science. EMBO Reports, 15(9), 919–922. https://doi.org/10.15252/embr.201438848

Rustam, A., Niasari, T., Parisu, C. Z. L., Husain, I. A., & Sisi, L. (2023). Meta Analisis Pengaruh Model Kooperatif Tipe Jigsaw Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Sd. Jurnal Tunas Bangsa, 9(2), 102–110. https://doi.org/10.46244/tunasbangsa.v9i2.2097

Samara, D. (2016). Pengaruh Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Dan Motivasi Belajar Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Ips Di Smp Negeri Model Terpadu Madani Palu. Katalogis, 4(7), 205–214.

Setiawan, T. Y., Destrinelli, D., & Wulandari, B. A. (2022). Keterampilan Berfikir Kritis Pada Pembelajaran IPA Menggunakan Model Pembelajaran Radec di Sekolah Dasar : Systematic Literature Review. Justek : Jurnal Sains Dan Teknologi, 5(2), 133. https://doi.org/10.31764/justek.v5i2.11421

Sholekah, A. W. (2020). Peningkatan Motivasi Dan Hasil Belajar IPA Materi Pencemaran Lingkungan Melalui Model PjBL Siswa Kelas VII SMPN 9 Salatiga. Jurnal Pendidikan Mipa, 10(1), 16–22. https://doi.org/10.37630/jpm.v10i1.260

Simaremare, J. A., & Thesalonika, E. (2021). Penerapan Metode Cooperatif Learning Tipe Jigsaw Untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Dan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa. Jurnal Tunas Bangsa, 8(2), 113–133. https://doi.org/10.46244/tunasbangsa.v8i2.1642

Slavin, R. E. (2015). Cooperative Learning : Student Teams. What Research Says to the Teacher. In Zubaedi (Ed.), & N. Yusron (Trans.), National Education Association. Nusamedia.

Sudjana, N. (2017). Penilaian Hasil Proses Belajar Mengajar (12th ed.). PT Sinar Baru Algensindo.

Sukma, V. M. (2022). MOTIVASI BELAJAR: Analisis Motivasi Belajar Siswa dengan Kemampuan Kognitif yang Tinggi di Kelas 3C MIN 1 Kota Malang. Ibtidaiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 1(1), 63–77. https://doi.org/10.18860/ijpgmi.v1i1.1068

Sulistyawati, N., & Zuchdi, D. (2016). Implementasi Teknik Pembelajaran Kolaboratif Dengan Variasi Media Untuk Peningkatan Hasil Belajar Di Smpn 2 Kalijambe. Harmoni Sosial: Jurnal Pendidikan IPS, 3(1), 50–61. https://doi.org/10.21831/hsjpi.v3i1.9694

Sumargiyani, S., Habibi, H., & Nafi’ah, B. (2020). Increased Motivation To Learn By Using Learning Model Learning Community Students Mathematics Education. Journal of Disruptive Learning Innovation (JODLI), 1(2), 23. https://doi.org/10.17977/um072v1i22020p23-35

Suntarat, F. (2022). The Comparison of Highschool Students’ Happiness between On-site and Online Learning and its Correlation with Motivation to Learn. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis, 05(02), 2–7. https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmra/v5-i2-29

Tan, C. T. Y., & Loo, A. (2017). Processes and Issues in Concept-Based Curriculum for Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-2697-3_13

Wana, P. R., & Dwiarno, P. A. (2018). Implementasi Pendekatan Saintifik Untuk Meningkatkan Budaya Literasi Di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Tunas Bangsa, 5(2), 133–142.

Wati, A. (2021). Pengembangan Media Permainan Ular Tangga untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Mahaguru: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar , 2(1), 68–73. https://doi.org/10.33487/mgr.v2i1.1728

Widhiastuti, R., & Fachrurrozie. (2018). Teams Games Tournament (TGT) sebagai Metode untuk Meningkatkan Keaktifan dan Kemampuan Belajar. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi Dinamika Pendidikan, IX(1), 48–56.

Widiani, A. A. O. V., Lasmawan, W., & Suarni, K. (2020). Pengaruh model pembelajaran TGT berbantuan permainan tradisional terhadap sikap sosial dan hasil belajar PKn siswa. PENDASI: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Indonesia, 4(1), 13–22. http://oldpasca.undiksha.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/jurnal_pendas/article/view/3076/1643

Winata, I. K. (2021). Konsentrasi dan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Terhadap Pembelajaran Online Selama Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Student Learning Concentration and Motivation on Online Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Komunikasi Pendidikan, 5(1), 13–24.

Zhou, Y. (2023). The Factors, Individual and Cultural Difference of Competition Motivation on Students. Journal of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, 8, 354–359. https://doi.org/10.54097/ehss.v8i.4273

Zuhaida, A., & Yustiana, Y. R. (2023). Tantangan Guru dalam Mengajar IPA: Studi Kasus Guru. Paedagoria : Jurnal Kajian, Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kependidikan, 14(3), 226–231.

Article Metrics
Abstract views: 66
PDF downloads: 38
Published
2023-09-29
How to Cite
Bandaso, H., Sinring, A., & Luansi Ero, P. E. (2023). THE EFFECT OF TEAM GAME TOURNAMENT ON MOTIVATION TO LEARN AND SCIENCE LEARNING OUTCOMES ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. Jurnal Tunas Bangsa , 10(2), 105-121. https://doi.org/10.46244/tunasbangsa.v10i2.2220
Section
Articles