PELAKSANAAN PENDEKATAN INTEGRATIF DALAM MENINGKATKAN PEMBELAJARAN IPA-BIOLOGI PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA ACEH INDONESIA

  • Ibrahim Ibrahim Universitas Serambi Mekkah
  • Almukarramah Almukarramah Universitas Serambi Mekkah
  • Gunawan Gunawan UIN Ar-Raniry
  • Mohd Isha Awang Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Marwan Marwan Universitas Almuslim
Keywords: integrative approach, islamic values, teaching, biological science material

Abstract

The authority of the Aceh government in giving birth to a Madani Islamic community based on the Islamic Sharia in the Serambi Mecca through the primary and secondary education channels, it is necessary to integrate Islamic values ​​in all subjects in schools, including the Natural Sciences (IPA) Biology. The problem in conventional teaching and learning approaches for science subjects (Biology) has nothing to do with knowledge of the Quran and Hadith which is the capital for integrating science and technology. This research aims to study the implementation of teaching and learning (Biology) which integrates Islamic values ​​in Middle School (SMP). Specific aspects that are studied are comparing conventional approaches with Islamic group approaches in Natural Sciences (Biology) in the classroom using experimental designs, with the structure of biology tests. The research sample consisted of 123 middle school students and the data were analyzed using statistical tests to determine the average value of the two classes. The results of data analysis show that learning outcomes in natural science (Biology) education are enhanced through an integrative approach to Islam. Multi-way interaction patterns include the ability to ask and answer questions of teachers and peers. Therefore, the integrative approach to Islam in the Natural Sciences (Biology) curriculum needs to be improved and fully applied in general high schools in Aceh. The Aceh Education Office must take this reference for implementing an integrative approach to Islam in all subjects in secondary schools to build a civil society that is obedient to God in the area of ​​Islamic law.

Abstrak

Otoritas pemerintah Aceh dalam melahirkan komunitas Islam Madani berdasarkan Syariah Islam di Serambi Mekah melalui saluran pendidikan dasar dan menengah, perlu untuk mengintegrasikan nilai-nilai Islam dalam semua mata pelajaran di sekolah, termasuk Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA) ) Biologi. Masalah dalam pendekatan pengajaran dan pembelajaran konvensional untuk mata pelajaran sains (Biologi) tidak ada hubungannya dengan pengetahuan tentang Quran dan Hadits yang merupakan modal untuk mengintegrasikan sains dan teknologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari implementasi pengajaran dan pembelajaran (Biologi) yang mengintegrasikan nilai-nilai Islam di Sekolah Menengah (SMP). Aspek khusus yang dipelajari adalah membandingkan pendekatan konvensional dengan pendekatan kelompok Islam dalam Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (Biologi) di kelas menggunakan desain eksperimental, dengan struktur tes biologi. Sampel penelitian terdiri dari 123 siswa sekolah menengah dan data dianalisis menggunakan tes statistik untuk menentukan nilai rata-rata kedua kelas. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar dalam pendidikan ilmu alam (Biologi) ditingkatkan melalui pendekatan integratif ke Islam. Pola interaksi multi-arah meliputi kemampuan untuk bertanya dan menjawab pertanyaan dari guru dan teman sebaya. Karena itu, pendekatan integratif terhadap Islam dalam kurikulum Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (Biologi) perlu ditingkatkan dan diterapkan sepenuhnya di sekolah menengah umum di Aceh. Kantor Pendidikan Aceh harus mengambil referensi ini untuk menerapkan pendekatan integratif terhadap Islam di semua mata pelajaran di sekolah menengah untuk membangun masyarakat sipil yang taat kepada Tuhan di bidang hukum Islam.

 Kata Kunci: pendekatan integratif, nilai-nilai islam, pengajaran, materi ilmu biologi

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Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
Ibrahim, I., Almukarramah, A., Gunawan, G., Mohd Isha Awang, & Marwan, M. (2020). PELAKSANAAN PENDEKATAN INTEGRATIF DALAM MENINGKATKAN PEMBELAJARAN IPA-BIOLOGI PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA ACEH INDONESIA. Visipena, 11(1), 116-131. https://doi.org/10.46244/visipena.v11i1.1087
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