• Alia Afiyati Darma Persada University
  • Divya Widyastuti English Language and Culture Department
  • Yoga Pratama Darma Persada University
Keywords: cultural identity, two female characters, housewife, symbolic interactionism


In a literary work, two characters can be narrated as the attention center that contains the cultural identity from certain generation. Meanwhile, a symbol actually can cause an interaction within characters. This research discusses about cultural identity and symbolic interactionism reflected in a novel. There is a novel entitled “Recipe for a Perfect Wife” by Karma Brown that tells about two female characters that are represented as a housewife from different generation. This research uses descriptive qualitative as the research methodology and content  analysis as the method in analyzing the object of the research, a novel entitled “Recipe for a Perfect Wife”. This research also uses the intrinsic approach to analyze the characterization, plot, and setting. This research reveals two kinds of a housewife. They are a housewife and working woman, and a full-housewife. This research finds five cultural identities in the past and present time that is related with a housewife reflected by two female characters in the novel by using cultural identity theory by Stuart Hall. This research also reveals the symbol and memory even three concepts of symbolic interactionism that is mind, self, and society based on symbolic interactionism theory by George Herbert Mead.


Amie, Nuryatin, & Hayati. (2014). Interaksi Simbolik Tokoh Dewa dalam Novel Biola Tak Berdawai Karya Seno Gumira Ajidarma: Kajian Interaksionisme Simbolik George Herbert Mead. Semarang: Semarang State University.

Beaumont, C., 2016. “What Do Women Want? Housewives’ Associations, Activism and Changing Representations of Women in the 1950s”, Women's History Review, 1-16.

Brown, Karma. (2018). Recipe for a Perfect Wife. New York: Dutton.

Ika Rizqiyawati, (2020) “Implementation of Multicultural Values in Diversity of a Multiethnic School (A Case Study: Kuncup Melati Junior High School, Semarang). Journal of Educational Social Studies JESS 9 (2) (2020) : 20 - 26

Koentjaraningrat. Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2015

Kim, Hyein Amber. 2020. Understanding “Koreanness” Racial Stratification and Colorism in Korea and Implications for Korean Multicultural Education. International Journal of Multicultural Education, 22(1): 76:97

Ozdemir. (2016). A Sociological Perspective on Housewife and Housewifery. Zonguldak: Bulent Ecevit University. Retrieved from (Accessed on November 23, 2020).

Ritzer, George. & Smart, Barry. 2015. Handbook: Teori Sosial. Jakarta: Nusa Media.

Shannon, P & Baker. 2018. A Multicultural Education Praxis: Integrating Past and Present, Living Theories, and Practice. International Journal of Multicultural Education, 20(1):48-66.

Susilastri, D. (2019). Oposisi Biner dalam Interaksionisme Simbolik pada Cerita Pendek “Tentang Perempuan (TPT)” Karya Benny Arnas. Sumatera Selatan: Balai Bahasa Sumatera Selatan.

Article Metrics
Abstract views: 198
PDF downloads: 143
How to Cite
Afiyati, A., Widyastuti, D., & Pratama, Y. (2021). CULTURAL IDENTITY AND SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM IN KARMA BROWN’S NOVEL “RECIPE FOR A PERFECT WIFE”. Getsempena English Education Journal , 8(2).