STUDENTS' POLITENESS UTILIZED BY STUDENTS IN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOLS BASED ON THE MADURA CULTURE PERSPECTIVE
Politeness strategies are crucial to communicate with others in the community. This research aims to describe the politeness principle in students' language from the perspective of Madura culture in an Islamic boarding school environment. This research uses qualitative and descriptive research methods to present data directly obtained through recording. The subjects of the study were students and lecturers of the Al Karimiyyah Islamic Boarding School Sumenep. The data were collected by transcribing the conversation between students, teachers, and principals. The results of this study indicate that some sacred words contradict the principle of politeness in the cultural perspective of the Madurai community, especially at the level of the use of Madurai, including Engghih-Bunten, Enggih-enten, and Enjek-Iye. The politeness of the students’ language use in the Islamic Boarding School is influenced by the social background, circumstances, and the combination of boarding school and Madura cultures.
Al-Azzam, B., Al-Ahaydib, M., Alkhowaiter, N., & Al-Momani, H. (2017). Social and Cultural Euphemism in Saudi Arabic: a Semantic, a Pragmatic and a Sociolinguistic Analysis. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 8(2), 64. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.8n.2p.64
Alam, N. A. R. (2018). Strengthening of Leadership Culture: The Role of Kiai in Indonesian Pesantren. 5th International Conference on Research in Islamic Education and Arabic Language 2018 (Icriale 2018), 489–494.
Alakrash, H. M., & Bustan, E. S. (2020). Politeness strategies employed by Arab EFL And Malaysian ESL students in making request. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(6), 10-20
Alwi, M., Wiyono, B. B., Bafadal, I., & Imron, A. (2021). The Relationship between Personality, Attitude, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior of Senior High School Teachers in Indonesia. International Journal of Instruction, 14(2), 345–368. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2021.14220a
Amri, M., Afifuddin, A., & Bin-Tahir, S. Z. (2018). Religious pluralism of the Indonesian traditional Islamic educational institutions. The Journal of Social Sciences Research, 4(12), 446–450.
Anam, S., Degeng, I., Murtadho, N., & Kuswandi, D. (2019). The Moral Education and Internalization of Humanitarian Values in" Pesantren". Online Submission, 7(4), 815–834.
Azwan, A. (2018). Politeness strategies of refusals to requests by the Ambonese community. LINGUA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 15(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.30957/lingua.v15i1.440
Brown, P. (2015). Politeness and language. In The International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences (IESBS),(2nd ed.) (pp. 326–330). Elsevier.
Diana, R. Z. (2021). Investigating the Techniques of Teaching Pronunciation Used By Lecturer in 2nd Semester Students of English Department at IAIN Madura. Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura.
Dozie, C. P., Chinedu-Oko, C. N., Anyanwu, P. N., Ojilere, I. C., Ihejirika, R. C., & Otagburuagu, E. J. (2020). Gender and Politeness/Hedging Strategies in English among Igbo Native Speakers in Nigeria: A Difference in Conversational Styles. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 11(3), 61. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.11n.3p.61
Eelen, G. (2014). A Critique of Politeness Theory: Volume 1. Routledge.
Fraser, B. (1978). Acquiring social competence in a second language. RELC Journal, 9(2), 1–21.
Hovy, D., & Yang, D. (2021). The importance of modeling social factors of language: Theory and practice. The 2021 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies.
Inal, T. (2020). The role of the European court of human rights in changing gender norms in Turkey: the case of women’s maiden names. Turkish Studies, 21(4), 524–556.
Kamehkhosh, N., & Larina, T. V. (2020). Cultural values and politeness strategies in British and Persian family discourse. Proceedings of INTCESS 2020: 7th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences, 603–610.
Kwasi, S.-A., & Cynthia, E. O. (2021). Politeness in media talk shows The case of media panel discussions in Ghana. Journal of Media and Communication Studies, 13(3), 81–90. https://doi.org/10.5897/jmcs2020.0701
Lambton-Howard, D., Kiaer, J., & Kharrufa, A. (2021). ‘Social media is their space’: student and teacher use and perception of social media features in language education. Behaviour and Information Technology, 40(16), 1700–1715. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929X.2020.1774653
Mahmud, M. (2019). The use of politeness strategies in the classroom context by English university students. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(3), 597-606.
Megawati, E. (2021). Students’ perception of Language Politeness In An Online Learning. Jurnal Smart, 7(2), 114-129. : https://doi.org/10.52657/js.v7i2.1671
Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. SAGE Publications.
Mills, G. E., & Gay, L. R. (2019). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications. . One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River.
Muali, C., Rofiki, M., Baharun, H., Zamroni, Z., & Sholeh, L. (2021). The Role of Sufistic-Based Kiai Leadership in Developing the Character of Santri in the Pesantren. Al-Ishlah: Jurnal Pendidikan, 13(3), 1705–1714.
Mulyono, H., Amalia, D. R., & Suryoputro, G. (2019). Politeness Strategies in Teacher-Student WhatsApp Communication. PASAA: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand, 58, 295-318.
Nababan, M., & Nuraeni, A. (2012). Pengembangan model penilaian kualitas terjemahan.
Qadariyah, L. (2015). Peran Pesantren Dalam Melestarikan Bhesa Alosbhesa Madhureh (Studi Pesantren Di Kabupaten Sumenep). Pamator Journal, 8(2), 85–94. https://doi.org/DOI: https://doi.org/10.21107/pamator.v8i2.2062
Ramdani, M., & Ihsan, M. N. (2021). The Role of Kiai Hisyam Zuhdi in Developing Islamic Boarding Schools on The Character of Santri. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 4(3), 575–589. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v4i3.1716
Sahrasad, H. (2019a). Islam, State and Society in Indonesia: Local Politics in Madura by Yanwar Pribadi. Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 34(3), 643–645.
Sahrasad, H. (2019b). Yanwar Pribadi. Islam, State and Society in Indonesia: Local Politics in Madura. Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University.
Sifianou, M., & Tzanne, A. (2010). Conceptualizations of politeness and impoliteness in Greek.
Siregar, G., Siregar, S. A., & Silaban, R. (2020). Legal Implementation of Electronic Information and Transaction Law in Preventing the Spread of Content Containing SARA Issues through Social Media. International Journal of Innovation Crativity and Change, 13(10), 1418–1431.
Suha, A. R. S., & Sudarwati, E. (2021). What You Are Is What You Say’: An Analysis Of Taboo Words On Tiktok. Jurnal Kata: Penelitian Tentang Ilmu Bahasa Dan Sastra, 5(2), 321–332.
Sulistianingsih, D., & Prabowo, M. S. (2019). Cultural Conflicts: How to Overcome Them? J. Advanced Res. L. & Econ., 10, 2533.
Supratno, H. (2019). Multicultural Education for Cultivating Nationalism and Preventing Radicalism of Santri in Pesantren. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 9(20), 3–4. https://doi.org/10.7176/rhss/9-20-03
Syarfuni. (2014). An Analysis of English and Indonesian Idioms and Proverbs. Getsempena English Education Journal, 1(1), 26–50.
Tolchah, M., & Mu’ammar, M. A. (2019). Islamic education in the globalization era; challenges, opportunities, and contribution of Islamic education in Indonesia. Humanities and Social Sciences Reviews, 7(4), 1031–1037. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.74141
Truan, N. (2022). (When) Can I say Du to You? The metapragmatics of forms of address on German-Speaking Twitter. Journal of Pragmatics, 191, 227–239.
Vysotki, V. M., Patalashko, E. V., Stepanenko, V. E., Makarova, T. V., & Balabanova, I. A. (2021). Language as a communication resource and its place in the representation of world practices. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 574–584. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5ns3.1621
Watts, R. J. (2003). Politeness. Cambridge University Press.
Watts, R. J., Ide, S., & Ehlich, K. (2005). Politeness in language. Mouton de Gruyter Berlin.
Wojtowicz, B. (2021). Cultural Norms of Greetings in the African Context. Roczniki Humanistyczne, 69(6), 171–187. https://doi.org/10.18290/rh21696-10
Zulaikha, Z., Farida, F., & Putro, H. E. (2018). The Effect of Culture in the Madura Trading System. International Conference of Communication Science Research (ICCSR 2018), 447–451.
PDF downloads: 72