PENGEMBANGAN DAN HAMBATAN SISWA DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI MATEMATIKA MELALUI METODE IMPROVE

  • Bansu Irianto Ansari Universitas Jabal Ghafur
  • Taufiq Universitas Jabal Ghafur
Keywords: HOTS, IMPROVE, Metacognitif, ADDIE

Abstract

This study overall develops models/learning tools for higher order thinking mathematics using the IMPROVE method which is valid, practical and effective using the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation) model. However, specifically in this paper, the researcher reveals the other side of the development results of these learning tools, namely the development and obstacles faced by students in increasing higher-order thinking skills (Higher-Order-Thinking). Therefore, the specific objective of this study is to determine the development trend of students' higher order thinking skills and the difficulties encountered during learning. The research instruments were student on-task activity sheets, student activity observation sheets, formative tests and learning outcomes tests. The test was conducted on 66 students of class X SMAN 3 and SMAN 5 Banda Aceh as samples. The test results show that the mathematics learning device is valid, practical and effective in accordance with predetermined product criteria. The tendency for the development of high-order thinking skills (HOTS) of students in formative exercises (T1 and T2) moved up and the Learning Outcomes Test was good, on average 72%. The difficulties faced by students are dominant in indicators of creation and evaluation. The implication of this study is that higher order thinking mathematics learning model with the IMPROVE method and metacognitive strategies can be used for class X SMA students.

Abstrak

Secara keseluruhan studi ini melakukan pengembangan model/perangkat pembelajaran matematika berpikir tingkat tinggi dengan metode IMPROVE yang valid, praktis dan efektif menggunakan model ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation). Namun secara khusus dalam tulisan ini, peneliti mengungkapkan sisi lain dari hasil pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran tersebut yaitu perkembangan dan hambatan yang dihadapi siswa dalam meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi (Higher-Order-Thinking). Oleh sebab itu, tujuan khusus dari studi ini adalah untuk mengetahui kecenderungan perkembangan kemampuan berpikir tinggkat tinggi siswa dan kesulitan yang dihadapi selama pembelajaran. Instrumen penelitian adalah lembar aktivitas on task siswa, lembar pengamatan aktivitas siswa, tes formatif dan tes hasil belajar. Ujicoba dilakukan pada siswa kelas X SMAN 3 dan SMAN 5 Banda Aceh sebanyak 66 orang sebagai sampel. Hasil ujicoba menunjukkan, perangkat pembelajaran matematika tersebut telah valid, praktis dan efektif sesuai dengan kriteria produk yang telah ditetapkan. Kecenderungan perkembangan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi (HOTS) siswa pada latihan formatif (T1 dan T2) bergerak naik dan Tes Hasil Belajar kategori baik, rata-rata 72%. Kesulitan yang dihadapi siswa dominan pada indikator kreasi dan evaluasi. Implikasi dari studi ini adalah model pembelajaran matematika berpikir tingkat tinggi dengan metode IMPROVE dan strategi metakognitif  telah dapat digunakan untuk siswa kelas X SMA.

Kata Kunci: HOTS, IMPROVE, Metakognitif, ADDIE

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Published
2020-11-10
How to Cite
Bansu Irianto Ansari, & Taufiq. (2020). PENGEMBANGAN DAN HAMBATAN SISWA DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI MATEMATIKA MELALUI METODE IMPROVE. Numeracy, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.46244/numeracy.v7i2.1190
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